International events are used to enhance prestige, attract
private investment and to focus and motivate the city's workforce. Buildings and
infrastructure constructed for the events are of very high quality and serve a
double purpose: for short-term use during the event itself and as a means of
regenerating a decaying area of the city in the long-term.
The use of low-paid immigrant labour and multiple
sub-contracting in the construction industry.
The city is seen as the sum of its neighbourhoods, rather than
comprising of distinct parts. This discourages a bit-meal approach to
regeneration and instead emphasises the building of communities.
Public intervention is linked to the demands of the local
A reduction in urban density of 20%.
The radical transformation of the perimeters of the worst
affected areas. It is easier to begin the transformation process where the
deterioration is not so significant.
Careful planning of public building locations to encourage
regeneration and prevent duplication.
Buildings of heritage value are conserved for public use such as
schools, libraries, offices, cultural centres, etc..
The introduction of mixed new land uses into an area, including
service industries, office and retail, private and public housing.
The encouragement of innovative architecture and thinking.
Investment in transport infrastructure to improve accessibility.
This increases opportunities for economic and social activity.
A deliberate policy of introducing a new social mix into
The creation of new communal open spaces in strategic areas to
encourage social mixing. The open spaces are created well before new building
A flexible rather than rigid approach to planning.
A policy of spreading new retail and service industries
throughout the city, particularly in central areas to retain vibrant
A block on new out-of-town shopping centre developments.
Compulsory purchase of buildings in very poor condition in order
to renovate them using public funds.
Building renovations completed to a high standard, both interior
Tax incentives and grants to refurbish properties.
Strong political and local leadership to drive the regeneration
Education, job training, health, crime and leisure initiatives
to help tackle the social problems of illiteracy, poor health, and high
Collaboration between the Leisure and Social Services
Departments to tackle social exclusion amongst the disaffected young. Leisure
amenities in schools are kept open until late into the evening.