The Inca Trail has ten different climatic
zones and sub-zones, from deserts to tropical Andean cloud forest; home to
exotic plants and animal life. The trail is covered with over 400 varieties of
orchids, begonias, trees, and bushes as well as a varied collection of fauna
including the condor, pumas and miniature deer.
Stunning scenery with the snowy peaks of the Andes (over 6,000
metres), fast flowing rivers and deep valleys.
Machu Picchu, the 'Lost City of the Incas' is
the best-known and most spectacular site in South America. Machu Picchu are
quechua (indigenous Indian) words that mean "old" and
Hiking the "Inca Trail". This was the Royal
Highway that led pilgrims and officials of the Empire to the Sacred City of the
Incas. The Trail is paved with blocks of stone, It has stone stairways, tunnels
and wooden bridges. The trek is 32 kilometres long starting at kilometre 88 of
the railway and ending at the Holy City.
The nearby town of Aguas Calientes has thermal (hot water) baths.
Pisac is the main craftwork centre on the high plains. The main square is
small, with a colourful market on Sunday mornings.
Rafting trips can be taken down the Urubamba River