Barcelona Field Studies Centre

The Rhine Floods 1995: effects


  • 1 dead
  • 250,000 people and millions of farm animals evacuated
  • 1,550 km² farmland flooded
  • City centre of Cologne flooded to a depth of 2 metres
  • Hundreds of homes inundated
  • Flood tourism
  • Looting
  • Social disturbance and mental stress
  • Effects on cattle health
  • Extra costs of feeding cattle
  • Dutch government paid billions of euros in compensation to those affected - a huge strain on the economy
  • Fertile silt deposited on floodplain, but also some toxic mud
  • Water supplies polluted
  • The Germans and Dutch had time to react and take preventative measures


River Rhine Floods 1995