Barcelona Field Studies Centre

Barcelona Coronavirus September 2020 - Daily Updates and Advice for Visiting Groups

Wednesday 23 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 11,289 new infections since yesterday and 4,143 positive PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 693,556.

517 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 130 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 31,034. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has added 800 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 16 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions falls to 790, 18 less than yesterday. A total of 151 patients are in intensive care units, 16 more than yesterday.

The second wave of the coronavirus pandemic in Spain is different from the first, being less intense with slower growth. The detection capacity has improved substantially. The median age of those detected positive is 35 years, four out of ten cases are asymptomatic and the fatality rate is less than 1%, compared to 12% in the first wave.

There are a number of reasons for daily discrepancies in data for new infections for Spain. The chart below is based on various sources that are tracking and aggregating coronavirus data and shows the daily change in new cases for Spain including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

Daily change in new coronavirus cases for Spain - September 18 2020
Source: Google, based on Wikipedia and other authoritative sources

The Health Minister Salvador Illa unveiled new measures to be enforced nationwide, overriding those of Catalonia. Spain has banned smoking in the street within two metres of another person, and closed nightclubs and late-night bars. Restaurants will have to close by 1am, no new customers can enter after midnight and establishments will be limited to 10 diners.

Citizens of the affected municipalities in Catalonia are advised to stay at home except for essential journeys. Meetings of more than 10 people are prohibited and the capacity in bars and restaurants is limited to 50%. Nightlife and cultural activities should be avoided. The regional government has stopped short of imposing a mandatory lockdown and said the measures were meant to avoid having to do so.

Most regions in Spain have now made the use of face masks obligatory in both indoor and outdoor public spaces, even when social distancing of 1.5 metres is observed. Penalties may be imposed if you do not comply.

The UK FCO advises against all non-essential travel to Spain including the Balearic and Canary Islands based on the current assessment of COVID-19 risks. The Canary Islands and Balearic Islands are no longer exempt. This advice is based on evidence of increases in cases of COVID-19 in several regions, but particularly in Aragon, Navarra and Catalonia (which include the cities of Zaragoza, Pamplona and Barcelona).

The governments of Austria and Denmark have issued travel alerts for Spain. Norway has advised its nationals not to travel abroad due to the increase in infections. France has advised its citizens against travel to Catalonia and Aragon due to the epidemic situation. Hungary requires travellers arriving from Spain to take a negative PCR test or quarantine. Swiss health authorities have imposed a 10-day quarantine on travellers from Spain with the exception of the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. The German government has advised against non-essential travel to the Spanish regions of Aragon, Catalonia and Navarra. The Dutch government has advised against all non-essential travel to Barcelona and urged its citizens to immediately return to the Netherlands and quarantine. Slovenia has imposed a quarantine on travellers from Valencia, Catalonia, the Basque Country, Aragon and Navarra.

Arrivals from the United Kingdom are not required to self-isolate on arrival but will be subject to a series of three health checks. These checks involve:

  • providing the Spanish Ministry of Health with contact information and any history of exposure to COVID-19 by following the instructions on the Spain Travel Health website or downloadable app 48 hours prior to travel. It is mandatory for all passengers travelling to Spain to fill out and sign the online form associated with your trip, regardless of your nationality or residency status. On completion, you will be issued a personal and non-transferable QR code which you must show (electronically or hardcopy) at airport health controls on arrival;
  • a temperature reading;
  • a visual health assessment.

*Data for tests completed in the previous 24 hours. Excludes late-reporting and tests that take more than 24 hours.

**From 26 May, the deaths shown are for the last 7 days


The effects of the Coronavirus in Spain: by age

Tuesday 22 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 10,799 new infections since yesterday and 3,125 positive PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 682,267.

The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 4.5 deaths per 100 patients. 468 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 241 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,904. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has added 938 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 6 new deaths. The R0 or speed of spread has risen to 1.13. The number of current hospital admissions rises to 808, 20 more than yesterday. A total of 135 patients are in intensive care units, 1 more than yesterday.

Spain will end the quarantine period required after close contact with a positive case in 10 days instead of 14, without the need for a negative PCR test. The quarantined individual must show no symptoms for the previous 3 days.

Monday 21 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 31,428 new infections since the last press briefing on Friday and 2,957 in the last 24 hours. The Ministry has not provided coronavirus diagnostic data during the weekend since 4 July. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 671,468.

The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 4.6 deaths per 100 patients. 311 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 168 more deaths have been reported since Friday. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,663. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has notified 989 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 11 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions rises to 788, 34 more than yesterday. A total of 134 patients are in intensive care units, 10 more than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has risen to 1.

Sunday 20 September 2020

Catalonia has notified 1,273 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 11 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 754, 14 less than yesterday. A total of 124 patients are in intensive care units, 3 less than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has risen to 0.96.

Saturday 19 September 2020

Catalonia has notified 1,356 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 1 new death. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 768, 49 less than yesterday. A total of 127 patients are in intensive care units, 8 less than yesterday.

The Madrid 37 sanitary zones that come into effect on Monday lock down 858,153 inhabitants. The zones are the ones with the highest incidence of the virus and almost all of them coincide with the lowest income, highest population density and a high proportion of immigrant population.

Madrid: population density 2019 Population Density 2019
Madrid: sanitary lock down zones September 2020 Sanitary Lock Down Zones

Madrid: sanitary lock down zones and their population density

Friday 18 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered a new record of infections, with 14,389 confirmed cases since yesterday. 4,697 new infections have been diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. A third of the infections are concentrated in Madrid which has restricted the entry and exit of 37 areas for 14 days starting next Monday. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 640,040.

432 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 90 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,495. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has notified 1,383 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 16 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions is 768, 6 more than yesterday. A total of 135 patients are in intensive care units, 1 more than yesterday.

Thursday 17 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,728 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. A third of the infections are concentrated in Madrid. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 625,651, 11,291 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

419 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 162 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,405. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has notified 970 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 29 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions is 762, 33 less than yesterday. A total of 134 patients are in intensive care units, 1 less than yesterday.

Wednesday 16 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 1,756 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 614,360, 11,193 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

366 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 239 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,243. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. There has been excess mortality of almost 10% with more deaths than expected in the month of August and the second week of September. The Daily Mortality Monitoring System (MoMo) reports that between July 27 and August 29 there were 3,466 deaths in Spain more than expected and that last week (from September 8 to 13) another 533 were registered in excess.

Catalonia has notified 669 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 3 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions is 795, 3 more than yesterday. A total of 135 patients are in intensive care units, 5 more than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has fallen from 0.95 to 0.92.

Tuesday 15 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 3,022 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 603,167, 9,437 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known. Data for Catalonia are not included in this count due to technical difficulties.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 4.97 deaths per 100 detected infections. 303 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 156 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 30,004. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

The median age of death from coronavirus has risen compared to the first wave: from 83 to 86 years, an indication that the elderly are now better protected.

Catalonia has notified 1,266 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 14 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 792, 18 less than yesterday. A total of 130 patients are in intensive care units, 12 less than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has fallen slightly from 0.97 to 0.95.

Monday 14 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 3,023 new infections in the last 24 hours, and 27,404 since the last press briefing on Friday. The Ministry has not provided coronavirus diagnostic data during the weekend since 4 July. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 593,730.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 5.02 deaths per 100 patients. 207 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 101 more deaths have been reported since Friday. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,848. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has notified 376 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 6 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has risen to 810, 55 more than yesterday. A total of 142 patients are in intensive care units, 6 more than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has fallen slightly from 0.99 to 0.97. Catalonia has identified four cases of Covid-19 reinfection, one of them serious.

Sunday 13 September 2020

Catalonia has notified 851 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 7 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has risen to 755, 28 more than yesterday. A total of 136 patients are in intensive care units, 6 more than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread has increased from 0.98 to 0.99.

Saturday 12 September 2020

Catalonia has notified 1,303 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 9 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions rises to 727, 32 more than yesterday, and ending a downward trend. A total of 130 patients are in intensive care units, 4 more than yesterday. The R0 or speed of spread remains at 0.98 for a second day. The special public health measures in Catalonia have been extended for a further 15 days to 25 September.

Friday 11 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,708 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 566,326, 12,183 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

This is the highest number of positive tests detected since the start of the pandemic, and is related to the significant increase in testing. Over 100,000 PCR tests are being conducted each day, five times more than at the start of the crisis.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 5.25 deaths per 100 patients. 241 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 48 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,747. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. The median age of those who died is 86 years. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has notified 1,324 new cases of coronavirus infections confirmed in the last 24 hours and 4 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions is 695, 25 less than yesterday, and maintaining a downward trend. A total of 126 patients are admitted to intensive care units, 1 less than yesterday.

Thursday 10 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,137 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 554,143, 10,764 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known. Ceuta and Navarra have not been able to upload their data today due to technical problems.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 249 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 71 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,699. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. The median age of those who died is 86 years. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has reported 844 new positive PCR tests and 20 deaths in the last 24 hours according to data from the Health Department. Current hospital admissions stand at 720, 11 less than yesterday. A total of 127 patients are admitted to intensive care units, 4 less than yesterday. The R0, or speed of spread, has risen to 0.97, with each infected individual spreading the disease to less than one other person.

Wednesday 9 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,410 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 543,379, 8,866 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 246 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 34 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,628. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has reported 759 new positive PCR tests and 10 deaths in the last 24 hours according to data from the Health Department. Current hospital admissions stand at 731, 12 more than yesterday. A total of 131 patients are admitted to intensive care units, the same as yesterday.

Tuesday 8 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 3,168 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 534,513, 8,964 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 261 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 78 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,594. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has reported 1,193 new positive PCR tests and 8 deaths in the last 24 hours according to data from the Health Department. Current hospital admissions stand at 719, 6 less than yesterday. A total of 131 patients are admitted to intensive care units, 1 less than yesterday.

Monday 7 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 2,440 new infections in the last 24 hours, and 26,560 since the last press briefing on Friday. The Ministry has not provided coronavirus diagnostic data during the weekend since 4 July. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 525,549.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 237 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 98 more deaths have been reported since Friday. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,516. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has registered 1,022 new positive cases, (956 by PCR), and two more deaths from Covid-19 in the last 24 hours. The number of hospitalised patients totals 725, an increase of 35 from yesterday. 132 of these are in ICU, 9 more than yesterday. The R0, or speed of spread, has fallen to 0.96. Each infected individual is spreading the disease to less than one other person.

Sunday 6 September 2020

Despite an acceleration in new coronavirus infections, Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May. On June 21 there were 9.07 deaths per 100 patients infected. The lethality has dropped to 5.9 deaths per 100 patients, a reduction that may be explained by:

  • more testing leading to an increase in detected infections;
  • the average age of those affected falling from 60 to 40 years of age, with younger people less vulnerable;
  • better protection of the more vulnerable elderly;
  • those infected receiving the best possible care now the saturation of the health system has passed;
  • a better understanding of the virus and the range of therapeutics available to treat it;
  • the virus becoming less virulent as it mutates;
  • infected people passing on smaller doses of coronavirus due to social distancing.

Saturday 5 September 2020

Catalonia has registered 1,481 new positive cases and another eight deaths from Covid-19 in the last 24 hours, while the number of hospitalised patients has decreased for the fourth consecutive day.

Friday 4 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,503 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 498,989, 10,476 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 256 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 184 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,418. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Thursday 3 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 3,607 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 488,513, 8,959 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 191 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 40 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,234. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Wednesday 2 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 3,663 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 479,554, 8,581 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 177 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 42 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,194. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Tuesday 1 September 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 2,731 new infections diagnosed by PCR tests in the last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 470,973, 8,115 more than yesterday. The discrepancy is caused by including those tests that take more than a day to become known.

The average person who tests positive in Spain is a female of 37 years and 55% of all cases do not suffer any symptoms. This supports the findings of Professor Carl Heneghan, director of the University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. He also sees a sharp rise in the UK in the number of healthy people who are carrying the virus, but exhibiting no symptoms. Almost all of them are young. This is not a 'second wave' leading to a surge in Covid-19 hospitalisations because they are being spotted through a comprehensive system of national test and trace now in place.

The acceleration of infections does not correspond with an increase in mortality. 159 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 58 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 29,152. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test. Spainís mortality rate has returned to normal compared with the same period over the previous five years, with no excess deaths since 18 May.

Catalonia has reported 736 new positive PCR tests and 12 deaths in the last 24 hours according to data from the Health Department. Current hospital admissions stand at 700, 1 more than yesterday. A total of 129 patients are admitted to intensive care units, 8 less than yesterday.



Other months: September 2020 | August 2020 | July 2020 | June 2020 | May 2020 | April 2020 | March 2020 | February 2020


UK FCO Advice Wednesday, September 23rd, 2020: FCO advises against all non-essential travel to Spain


Foot Notes


1 Chinese and American researchers have used the infection data from the first few weeks to model the temporal and spatial evolution of the coronavirus first in Wuhan, the start of the pandemic, and later in 375 other Chinese cities. To see how the virus could progress, they overlapped this information with the movement patterns of hundreds of millions of Chinese recorded by the telecommunications company Tencent in Chunyun 2018. This period of the Chinese lunar calendar begins a few days before the Chinese New Year. and it lasts for several weeks afterwards. This year, the New Year fell precisely on January 23. Thus they were able to estimate how the coronavirus moved. The work, published in the Science journal, has found that until Wuhan's forced isolation, 86% of all infections were not being detected. That is, only 14% of the infected were under control. The rest, whether asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, continued to lead their normal lives. Thus, for many days there were two very different transmission rates. That January 23, there were only 801 documented cases throughout China, while the total number of new COVID-19 infections during 10Ė23 January in Wuhan city is estimated at 13,118 (documented and undocumented combined).
After Wuhan's closure measures, later extended to much of China, the dynamics of the epidemic changed in the city of origin. Between January 24 and February 8, the study authors estimate that the percentage of invisible infected people drops to 35%. They also come to light faster. For the first time, the basic reproduction number (R0) of the epidemic, understood as new infections for each infected person while sick, fell to 0.99. It was the first step in controlling the epidemic, although only in Wuhan.
Source: Science Magazine
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/03/13/science.abb3221
2 The National Centre for Epidemiology estimate that the number of those affected in the 2017-2018 influenza season was 752,000 people, with nearly 15,000 related deaths. Hospitalisation was necessary in 52,000 of the cases, 14,000 of them had serious complications and 3,000 required admission to the ICU.
Source: Centro de Investigaciůn Biomťdica en Red de EpidemiologŪa y Salud Pķblica (CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, CIBERESP)
https://www.ciberisciii.es/noticias/estiman-en-800000-personas-los-afectados-por-la-gripe-del-pasado-ano
3 According to the National Centre for Epidemiology, some 6,300 people died in Spain due to influenza last season, 2018-2019. The Influenza Surveillance System estimated that 490,000 people affected by mild cases of this pathology attended the Primary Care centres, in addition to some 35,300 confirmed hospitalised patients, of which 2,500 entered the ICU. Among the deaths registered in the country, 83% were older than 64 years and 13% belonged to the group of 45-64 years.
Source: DiarodeAvisos https://diariodeavisos.elespanol.com/2019/10/6-300-personas-fallecieron-por-la-gripe-la-pasada-temporada/
4 The first of the deaths from coronavirus recorded in Spain occurred on February 13, although the patient, a 69-year-old man, had travelled to Nepal, making it difficult to track the infection. The case was discovered by an autopsy.
5 Since 2010, both the governments of Spain and those of its different autonomies (health care is a transferred competence) have approved a series of health care cuts that weakened the system. In 2020, Spain budgeted 5.9% of its GDP for public health spending. This percentage was 6.77% in 2009. Catalonia is one of the Spanish autonomous regions that has cut the most in recent years, dedicating just 3.9% of its GDP to public health this year. The European average is 7.5%
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sanidad/20200318/recortes-7895906
A December 2019 FACUA report reveals that Catalonia is the Spanish region with the longest wait for a Public Health family doctor appointment. 74% of respondents expect a wait of at least one week.
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sociedad/20191215/catalunya-comunidad-mayor-tiempo-espera-medico-cabecera-7772135