Barcelona Field Studies Centre

Barcelona Coronavirus December 2020 - Daily Updates and Advice for Visiting Groups

Friday 4 December 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 8,745 new infections today, with 4,372 cases diagnosed in last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 1,684,647.

952 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 214 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 46,252. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has registered 1,404 new cases of coronavirus infections in the last 24 hours and 50 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions fallen to 1,524, 67 less than yesterday. A total of 418 patients are in intensive care units, 20 less than yesterday. The reproduction rate (or R0) has risen to 0.95. The epidemic is still in recession, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 95 others, which reduces the epidemic by 5% every day.

There are a number of reasons for daily discrepancies in data for new infections for Spain. The chart below shows the daily change in new cases for Spain, including those tests that take more than a day to become known. It is updated for 4 December 2020, based on various sources that are tracking and aggregating coronavirus data.

Daily change in new coronavirus cases for Spain - December 4 2020
Source: Google, based on Wikipedia and other authoritative sources

Thursday 3 December 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 10,127 new infections today, with 4,765 cases diagnosed in last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 1,675,902.

The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 2.75 deaths per 100 patients, compared with 9.07 deaths per 100 on 21 June. 1,015 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 254 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 46,038. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has registered 1,614 new cases of coronavirus infections in the last 24 hours and 27 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions fallen to 1,591, 83 less than yesterday. A total of 438 patients are in intensive care units, 11 less than yesterday. The reproduction rate (or R0) has risen to 0.92. The epidemic is in recession, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 92 others, which reduces the epidemic by 8% every day.

Catalonia will delay lifting coronavirus restrictions amid the worsening infection rates, and will stay in phase 1 until December 21st. Under Phase 2 of the de-escalation plan, the region’s borders would still be closed but the weekend confinement of residents to their own city limits would have been loosened to allow people to travel within the region between Friday 06.00 and Monday 06.00. It would also have seen shops increase occupancy from 30 to 50 percent and shopping centres reopen with a 30 percent capacity. Bars and restaurants would also see their indoor capacity grow from 30 to 50 percent. Under Phase 2 such establishments would still have to close by 21.30 as a curfew between 22.00 and 06.00 remains in place.

Wednesday 2 December 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 9,331 new infections today, with 5,060 cases diagnosed in last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 1,665,775.

The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 2.75 deaths per 100 patients, compared with 9.07 deaths per 100 on 21 June. 1,051 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 273 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 45,784. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has registered 1,462 new cases of coronavirus infections in the last 24 hours and 39 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions fallen to 1,674, 44 less than yesterday. A total of 449 patients are in intensive care units, 5 less than yesterday. The reproduction rate (or R0) has risen to 0.89. The epidemic is in recession, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 89 others, which reduces the epidemic by 11% every day.

Tuesday 1 December 2020

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 8,257 new infections today, with 3,841 cases diagnosed in last 24 hours. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 1,656,444.

The lethality of the virus continues to fall and is currently 2.75 deaths per 100 patients, compared with 9.07 deaths per 100 on 21 June. 1,067 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 442 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 45,511. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Catalonia has registered 1,505 new cases of coronavirus infections in the last 24 hours and 62 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions fallen to 1,718, 34 less than yesterday. A total of 454 patients are in intensive care units, 4 less than yesterday. The reproduction rate (or R0) has risen again to 0.84. The epidemic is in recession, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 84 others, which reduces the epidemic by 16% every day.

There are a number of reasons for daily discrepancies in data for new infections for Spain. The chart below shows the daily change in new cases for Spain, including those tests that take more than a day to become known. It is updated for 1 December 2020, based on various sources that are tracking and aggregating coronavirus data.

Daily change in new coronavirus cases for Spain - December 1 2020
Source: Google, based on Wikipedia and other authoritative sources



Other months: December 2020 | November 2020 | October 2020 | September 2020 | August 2020 | July 2020 | June 2020 | May 2020 | April 2020 | March 2020 | February 2020


UK FCO Saturday, December 5th, 2020: advises against non-essential travel to Spain, with the exception of the Canary Islands.


Foot Notes


1 Chinese and American researchers have used the infection data from the first few weeks to model the temporal and spatial evolution of the coronavirus first in Wuhan, the start of the pandemic, and later in 375 other Chinese cities. To see how the virus could progress, they overlapped this information with the movement patterns of hundreds of millions of Chinese recorded by the telecommunications company Tencent in Chunyun 2018. This period of the Chinese lunar calendar begins a few days before the Chinese New Year. and it lasts for several weeks afterwards. This year, the New Year fell precisely on January 23. Thus they were able to estimate how the coronavirus moved. The work, published in the Science journal, has found that until Wuhan's forced isolation, 86% of all infections were not being detected. That is, only 14% of the infected were under control. The rest, whether asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, continued to lead their normal lives. Thus, for many days there were two very different transmission rates. That January 23, there were only 801 documented cases throughout China, while the total number of new COVID-19 infections during 10–23 January in Wuhan city is estimated at 13,118 (documented and undocumented combined).
After Wuhan's closure measures, later extended to much of China, the dynamics of the epidemic changed in the city of origin. Between January 24 and February 8, the study authors estimate that the percentage of invisible infected people drops to 35%. They also come to light faster. For the first time, the basic reproduction number (R0) of the epidemic, understood as new infections for each infected person while sick, fell to 0.99. It was the first step in controlling the epidemic, although only in Wuhan.
Source: Science Magazine
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/03/13/science.abb3221
2 The National Centre for Epidemiology estimate that the number of those affected in the 2017-2018 influenza season was 752,000 people, with nearly 15,000 related deaths. Hospitalisation was necessary in 52,000 of the cases, 14,000 of them had serious complications and 3,000 required admission to the ICU.
Source: Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, CIBERESP)
https://www.ciberisciii.es/noticias/estiman-en-800000-personas-los-afectados-por-la-gripe-del-pasado-ano
3 According to the National Centre for Epidemiology, some 6,300 people died in Spain due to influenza last season, 2018-2019. The Influenza Surveillance System estimated that 490,000 people affected by mild cases of this pathology attended the Primary Care centres, in addition to some 35,300 confirmed hospitalised patients, of which 2,500 entered the ICU. Among the deaths registered in the country, 83% were older than 64 years and 13% belonged to the group of 45-64 years.
Source: DiarodeAvisos https://diariodeavisos.elespanol.com/2019/10/6-300-personas-fallecieron-por-la-gripe-la-pasada-temporada/
4 The first of the deaths from coronavirus recorded in Spain occurred on February 13, although the patient, a 69-year-old man, had travelled to Nepal, making it difficult to track the infection. The case was discovered by an autopsy.
5 Since 2010, both the governments of Spain and those of its different autonomies (health care is a transferred competence) have approved a series of health care cuts that weakened the system. In 2020, Spain budgeted 5.9% of its GDP for public health spending. This percentage was 6.77% in 2009. Catalonia is one of the Spanish autonomous regions that has cut the most in recent years, dedicating just 3.9% of its GDP to public health this year. The European average is 7.5%
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sanidad/20200318/recortes-7895906
A December 2019 FACUA report reveals that Catalonia is the Spanish region with the longest wait for a Public Health family doctor appointment. 74% of respondents expect a wait of at least one week.
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sociedad/20191215/catalunya-comunidad-mayor-tiempo-espera-medico-cabecera-7772135