Barcelona Field Studies Centre

Barcelona Coronavirus March 2021 - Daily Updates and Advice for Visiting Groups

Saturday 6 March 2021

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) has increased from 0.92 to 0.93. The epidemic is still in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 93 others, reducing the epidemic by 7% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has fallen 8 points and stands at 238.44 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 1,490 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 28 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 1,530, 75 less than yesterday. A total of 515 patients are in intensive care units, 7 less than yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 565,111 people (7.32% of its population) against this disease of which 202,546 (2.62%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 23,686 people were vaccinated.

Friday 5 March 2021

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 6,654 new infections including 2,921 diagnosed in the last 24 hours. This represents a 20% fall from last Friday's data, when 8,341 new infections were recorded. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 3,149,012.

The deaths from coronavirus registered in the last week total 633. There have been 637 new deaths in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 71,138. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

After falling continuously since the start of the pandemic, the lethality of the virus has risen daily since 8 February, as shown in the graph below. The case fatality rate on 8 February was 2.084 deaths per 100 patients and today stands at 2.259. The reasons for this upward trend are unclear.


Pressure on Spanish hospitals has declined. There are currently 9,896 patients admitted throughout Spain (10,200 yesterday) and 2,571 in intensive care units (2,615 yesterday), although in the last 24 hours there have been 908 admissions and 1,134 discharges. The occupancy rate for beds taken by coronavirus patients in Spain has continued to fall on a daily basis and currently stands at 7.88% and in intensive care units, 25.14%. The cumulative incidence rate (the number of cases diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days), continues its downward trend, falling 4 points since yesterday and standing at 149.23.

Spain has fully immunised 21,911 people in the last 24 hours with their second vaccination against this disease. A total of 1,342,485 people (2.83% of the population) have received their scheduled two doses, while 6.60% (3,129,092) have received a single dose. A total of 4,471,577 doses of coronavirus vaccines have been administered, 242,485 in the last 24 hours.

The chart below shows the daily change in new cases for Spain and the 7 day moving average. The date represents the onset of symptoms or, failing that, the date of diagnosis minus 6 days. It is updated for 28 February 2021, based on data from the Carlos III Health Institute.

Daily change and 7 day moving average for new coronavirus cases in Spain, 28 February 2021
Daily change and 7 day moving average for new coronavirus cases in Spain, 28 February 2021
Source: El Confidencial

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) remains at 0.92 for a third day. The epidemic is in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 92 others, reducing the epidemic by 8% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has fallen 5 points and stands at 246.11 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 1,581 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 29 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 1,605, 32 less than yesterday. A total of 522 patients are in intensive care units, 18 more than yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 541,425 people (7.01% of its population) against this disease of which 195,637 (2.53%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 27,376 people were vaccinated.

Thursday 4 March 2021

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 6,037 new infections including 2,676 diagnosed in the last 24 hours. This represents a 37% fall from last Thursday's data, when 9,568 new infections were recorded. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 3,142,358.

The deaths from coronavirus registered in the last week total 681. There have been 254 new deaths in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 70,501. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

After falling continuously since the start of the pandemic, the lethality of the virus has risen daily since 8 February. The lethality on 8 February was 2.084 deaths per 100 patients and today stands at 2.244. The reasons for this upward trend are unclear.

Pressure on Spanish hospitals has declined. There are currently 10,200 patients admitted throughout Spain (10,788 yesterday) and 2,615 in intensive care units (2,709 yesterday), although in the last 24 hours there have been 899 admissions and 1,280 discharges. The occupancy rate for beds taken by coronavirus patients in Spain has continued to fall on a daily basis and currently stands at 8.11% and in intensive care units, 25.44%. The cumulative incidence rate (the number of cases diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days), continues its downward trend, falling 6 points since yesterday and standing at 153.28.

Spain has fully immunised 21,911 people in the last 24 hours with their second vaccination against this disease. A total of 1,308,913 people (2.76% of the population) have received their scheduled two doses, while 6.16% (2,920,179) have received a single dose. A total of 4,229,092 doses of coronavirus vaccines have been administered, 169,772 in the last 24 hours.

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) remains at 0.92 for a second day. The epidemic is in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 92 others, reducing the epidemic by 8% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has risen slightly and stands at 250.98 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 1,659 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 21 new deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 1,637, 27 less than yesterday. A total of 504 patients are in intensive care units, 16 less than yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 514,049 people (6.66% of its population) against this disease of which 193,326 (2.50%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 31,315 people were vaccinated.

Wednesday 3 March 2021

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 6,137 new infections including 3,021 diagnosed in the last 24 hours. This represents a 33% fall from last Wednesday's data, when 9,212 new infections were recorded. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 3,136,321.

The lethality of the virus has risen continously since 8 February and is currently 2.240 deaths per 100 patients. 722 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 446 new deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 70,247. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Pressure on Spanish hospitals has declined. There are currently 10,788 patients admitted throughout Spain (11,247 yesterday) and 2,709 in intensive care units (2,796 yesterday), although in the last 24 hours there have been 952 admissions and 1,326 discharges. The occupancy rate for beds taken by coronavirus patients in Spain has continued to fall on a daily basis and currently stands at 8.57% and in intensive care units, 26.26%. The cumulative incidence rate (the number of cases diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days), continues its downward trend, falling 9 points since yesterday and standing at 159.57.

Spain has fully immunised 20,302 people since yesterday with their second vaccination against this disease. A total of 1,287,002 people (2.71% of the population) have received their scheduled two doses, while 5.84% (2,772,318) have received a single dose. A total of 4,059,320 doses of coronavirus vaccines have been administered, 150,586 in the last 24 hours.

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) has decreased for a fifth consecutive day, from 0.94 to 0.92. The epidemic is in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 92 others, reducing the epidemic by 8% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has fallen by 1 point since yesterday and stands at 250.58 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 1,559 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 44 more deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 1,664, 33 less than yesterday. A total of 520 patients are in intensive care units, 5 less than yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 482,834 people (6.25% of its population) against this disease of which 191,898 (2.48%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 15,399 people were vaccinated.

Tuesday 2 March 2021

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 4,517 new infections including 2,662 diagnosed in the last 24 hours. This represents a 39% fall from last Tuesday's data, when 7,461 new infections were recorded. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic falls to 3,130,184. The total data is lower than yesterday's (3,204,531, a difference of 74,347), since Catalonia 'has eliminated duplicate cases'.

The lethality of the virus continues to slowly rise and is currently 2.230 deaths per 100 patients, a statistic increased today by the error from Catalonia. 686 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 192 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 69,801. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Pressure on Spanish hospitals has declined. There are currently 11,247 patients admitted throughout Spain (11,754 on Monday) and 2,796 in intensive care units (2,923 on Monday), although in the last 24 hours there have been 909 admissions and 1,313 discharges. The occupancy rate for beds taken by coronavirus patients in Spain has continued to fall on a daily basis and currently stands at 8.94% and in intensive care units, 26.99%. The cumulative incidence rate (the number of cases diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days), continues its downward trend, falling 7 points since yesterday and standing at 168.44.

Spain has immunised 4,852 people since yesterday with their second vaccination against this disease. A total of 1,266,700 people (2.67% of the population) have received their scheduled two doses, while 5.57% (2,642,034) have received a single dose. A total of 3,908,734 doses of coronavirus vaccines have been administered, 79,269 in the last 24 hours.

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) has decreased for a fourth consecutive day, from 0.96 to 0.94. The epidemic is in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 94 others, reducing the epidemic by 6% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has fallen by 3 points since yesterday and stands at 251.51 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 1,375 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 22 more deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has fallen to 1,697, 81 less than yesterday. A total of 525 patients are in intensive care units, 8 less than yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 467,435 people (6.05% of its population) against this disease of which 191,073 (2.47%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 6,769 people were vaccinated.

Catalonia has eliminated duplicate cases that had been registered when updating the computer system with an identification code different from the one originally assigned. After the correction, Catalonia has gone from having 582,073 cases (Monday) to 503,209 today.

Monday 1 March 2021

The Ministry of Health for Spain has registered 15,978 new infections including 1,159 diagnosed in the last 24 hours. This represents a 47% fall from last Monday's data, when 30,251 new infections were recorded. The total number of people infected since the start of the pandemic rises to 3,204,531.

The lethality of the virus continues to slowly rise and is currently 2.172 deaths per 100 patients, a statistic that includes the very high death rate at the start of the pandemic. 665 deaths from coronavirus have been registered in the last week. 467 more deaths have been reported in the last 24 hours. The total deaths in the pandemic rises to 69,609. The data exclude deaths in residences and those who had symptoms compatible with Covid-19 but did not undergo a diagnostic test.

Pressure on Spanish hospitals has declined. There are currently 11,754 patients admitted throughout Spain (12,207 on Friday) and 2,923 in intensive care units (3,021 on Friday), although in the last 24 hours there have been 764 admissions and 5701 discharges. The occupancy rate for beds taken by coronavirus patients in Spain has continued to fall on a daily basis and currently stands at 9.36% and in intensive care units, 28.09%. The cumulative incidence rate (the number of cases diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days), continues its downward trend, falling 18 points since Friday and standing at 175.63.

Spain has immunised 18,065 people since Friday with their second vaccination against this disease. A total of 1,261,848 people (2.66% of the population) have received their scheduled two doses, while 5.41% (2,567,617) have received a single dose. A total of 3,829,465 doses of coronavirus vaccines have been administered, 223,830 since Friday.

In Catalonia, the coronavirus reproduction rate (or R0) has decreased for a third consecutive day, from 1.00 to 0.96. The epidemic is in regression, with every 100 infected people passing the virus to 96 others, reducing the epidemic by 4% every day. The cumulative incidence rate of the coronavirus in 14 days has fallen by 6 points since yesterday and stands at 254.98 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There have been 738 new infections registered in the last 24 hours and 37 more deaths. The number of current hospital admissions has risen to 1,778, 50 more than yesterday. A total of 533 patients are in intensive care units, a number unchanged from yesterday.

Catalonia has immunised 460,666 people (5.97% of its population) against this disease of which 190,509 (2.47%) have received two doses of the vaccines. In the last 24 hours, 748 people were vaccinated.



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UK Government Foreign Travel Advice Saturday, March 6th, 2021: under current UK COVID-19 restrictions, you must stay at home. You must not travel, including abroad, unless you have a legally permitted reason to do so.


Foot Notes


1 Chinese and American researchers have used the infection data from the first few weeks to model the temporal and spatial evolution of the coronavirus first in Wuhan, the start of the pandemic, and later in 375 other Chinese cities. To see how the virus could progress, they overlapped this information with the movement patterns of hundreds of millions of Chinese recorded by the telecommunications company Tencent in Chunyun 2018. This period of the Chinese lunar calendar begins a few days before the Chinese New Year. and it lasts for several weeks afterwards. This year, the New Year fell precisely on January 23. Thus they were able to estimate how the coronavirus moved. The work, published in the Science journal, has found that until Wuhan's forced isolation, 86% of all infections were not being detected. That is, only 14% of the infected were under control. The rest, whether asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, continued to lead their normal lives. Thus, for many days there were two very different transmission rates. That January 23, there were only 801 documented cases throughout China, while the total number of new COVID-19 infections during 10–23 January in Wuhan city is estimated at 13,118 (documented and undocumented combined).
After Wuhan's closure measures, later extended to much of China, the dynamics of the epidemic changed in the city of origin. Between January 24 and February 8, the study authors estimate that the percentage of invisible infected people drops to 35%. They also come to light faster. For the first time, the basic reproduction number (R0) of the epidemic, understood as new infections for each infected person while sick, fell to 0.99. It was the first step in controlling the epidemic, although only in Wuhan.
Source: Science Magazine
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/03/13/science.abb3221
2 The National Centre for Epidemiology estimate that the number of those affected in the 2017-2018 influenza season was 752,000 people, with nearly 15,000 related deaths. Hospitalisation was necessary in 52,000 of the cases, 14,000 of them had serious complications and 3,000 required admission to the ICU.
Source: Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, CIBERESP)
https://www.ciberisciii.es/noticias/estiman-en-800000-personas-los-afectados-por-la-gripe-del-pasado-ano
3 According to the National Centre for Epidemiology, some 6,300 people died in Spain due to influenza last season, 2018-2019. The Influenza Surveillance System estimated that 490,000 people affected by mild cases of this pathology attended the Primary Care centres, in addition to some 35,300 confirmed hospitalised patients, of which 2,500 entered the ICU. Among the deaths registered in the country, 83% were older than 64 years and 13% belonged to the group of 45-64 years.
Source: DiarodeAvisos https://diariodeavisos.elespanol.com/2019/10/6-300-personas-fallecieron-por-la-gripe-la-pasada-temporada/
4 The first of the deaths from coronavirus recorded in Spain occurred on February 13, although the patient, a 69-year-old man, had travelled to Nepal, making it difficult to track the infection. The case was discovered by an autopsy.
5 Since 2010, both the governments of Spain and those of its different autonomies (health care is a transferred competence) have approved a series of health care cuts that weakened the system. In 2020, Spain budgeted 5.9% of its GDP for public health spending. This percentage was 6.77% in 2009. Catalonia is one of the Spanish autonomous regions that has cut the most in recent years, dedicating just 3.9% of its GDP to public health this year. The European average is 7.5%
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sanidad/20200318/recortes-7895906
A December 2019 FACUA report reveals that Catalonia is the Spanish region with the longest wait for a Public Health family doctor appointment. 74% of respondents expect a wait of at least one week.
Source: El Periodico: https://www.elperiodico.com/es/sociedad/20191215/catalunya-comunidad-mayor-tiempo-espera-medico-cabecera-7772135